Mandibular fracture also known as fractures of the jaw are breaks though the mandibular bone. They usually occur due to trauma and are often associated with other facial trauma.
Facial trauma, also called maxillofacial trauma, is any physical trauma to the face. Facial trauma can involve soft tissue injuries such as burns, lacerations and bruises, or fractures of the facial bones such as nasal fractures and fractures of the jaw, as well as trauma such as eye injuries. Symptoms are specific to the type of injury; for example, fractures may involve pain, swelling, loss of function, or changes in the shape of facial structures.
Facial injuries have the potential to cause disfigurement and loss of function; for example, blindness or difficulty moving the jaw can result. Commonly injured facial bones include the nasal bone (the nose), the maxilla (the bone that forms the upper jaw), and the mandible (the lower jaw). The mandible may be fractured at its symphysis, body, angle, ramus, and condoyle. The zygoma (cheekbone) and the frontal bone (forehead) are other sites for fractures. Fractures may also occur in the bones of the palate and those that come together to form the orbit of the eye.
Gingival Overgrowth and Enlargement - Beyond Your Control
Dilantin (Phenytoin) is an antiepileptic or anticonvulsant drug used to control seizures in certain types of epilepsy. It is also used to prevent seizures during or after surgery. As with most medication, side effects are associated with the use of Phenytoin.
Signs of gingival overgrowth and enlargement usually begin to appear one to three months after the introduction of the medication and tends to only involve the gum tissue that is firmly attached to the teeth and bone; known as attached gingiva.